Քիչ առաջ ցավալի լուր Անի Քրիստիից..

Կիսով չափ որբացա․․․ Ժամեր առաջ երգչուհի Անի Քրիստին Ֆեյսբուքյան իր էջում լուսանկար է հարապարակել տատիկի հետ և գրառում կատարել՝ պատմելով մարդկանց իր վիշտը։

Երգչուհին կորցրել է իր տատիկին։

«Կիսով չափ որբացա: Եթե իմանայիր՝ ինչքան եմ զգում կարիքդ՝ չնայած այն բանին, որ հետդ խոսել եմ ժամեր առաջ: Ու հիմա… ու հիմա… էլ չկաս: Սա է կյանքի անարդար երևույթների մեկը, որին ներել չեմ կարողանում:

Հանգչիր խաղաղությամբ, տատիկ ջան: Կյանքիս ամենալավ տարիներն անցկացրել եմ քեզ հետ և դրանք էլ դու հետդ լուռ տարար դեպի հավերժություն»,- գրել է երգչուհին

Աղբյուր

 

Al-Mahdi restarted the fighting with the Byzantines and his sons continued the conflict until Empress Irene pushed for peace.[9] After several years of peace, Nikephoros I broke the treaty, then fended off multiple incursions during the first decade of the 9th century. These attacks pushed into the Taurus Mountains culminating with a victory at the Battle of Krasos and the massive invasion of 806, led by Rashid himself.[33]

Rashid’s navy also proved successful as he took Cyprus. Eventually, the momentum turned and much of the land gained was lost. Rashid decided to focus on the rebellion of Rafi ibn al-Layth in Khorasan and died while there.[33] While the Byzantine Empire was fighting Abbasid rule in Syria and Anatolia, military operations during this period were minimal, as the caliphate focused on internal matters, its governors exerting greater autonomy and using their increasing power to make their positions hereditary.[13]

At the same time, the Abbasids faced challenges closer to home. Harun al-Rashid turned on the Barmakids, a Persian family that had grown significantly in power within the administration of the state and killed most of the family.[34] During the same period, several factions began either to leave the empire for other lands or to take control of distant parts of the empire away from the Abbasids. The reign of al-Rashid and his sons were considered to be the apex of the Abbasids.[35]

Gold dinar minted during the reign of al-Amin (809–813)
After Rashid’s death, the empire was split by a civil war between the caliph al-Amin and his brother al-Ma’mun who had the support of Khorasan. This war ended with a two-year siege of Baghdad and the eventual death of al-Amin in 813.[33] Al-Ma’mun ruled for 20 years of relative calm interspersed with a rebellion supported by the Byzantines in Azerbaijan by the Khurramites. Al-Ma’mun was also responsible for the creation of an autonomous Khorasan, and the continued repulsing of Byzantine forays.[33]

Al-Mu’tasim gained power in 833 and his rule marked the end of the strong caliphs. He strengthened his personal army with Turkish mercenaries and promptly restarted the war with the Byzantines. His military excursions were generally successful culminating with a resounding victory in the Sack of Amorium. His attempt at seizing Constantinople failed when his fleet was destroyed by a storm.[36] The Byzantines restarted the fighting by sacking Damietta in Egypt. Al-Mutawakkil responded by sending his troops into Anatolia again, sacking and marauding until they were eventually annihilated in 863.[37]

Fracture to autonomous dynasties (861–945)

Map of the fragmented Abbasid empire, with areas still under direct control of the Abbasid central government (dark green) and under autonomous rulers (light green) adhering to nominal Abbasid suzerainty, c. 892
Even by 820, the Samanids had begun the process of exercising independent authority in Transoxiana and Greater Khorasan, as had the Twelver-Shia Hamdanids in Northern Syria, and the succeeding Tahirid and Saffarid dynasties of Iran. The Saffarids, from Khorasan, nearly seized Baghdad in 876, and the Tulunids took control of most of Syria. The trend of weakening of the central power and strengthening of the minor caliphates on the periphery continued.

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